23 Mar




Everyone recognizes this funny little character. This is a small yet stock dog which is fairly square in shape.  They tend to reach between 10 and 14 inches in height and 6-9 kg (13-20 pounds) in weight, with females being slightly smaller than males, though not by much. They have a big round house with a short, blunt muzzle. The teeth should meet in a slightly undershot bite. One of their most noticeable features are their very large, dark prominent eyes. They have small ears which are either rose or button shaped and thin. On the face you will notice that they have deep wrinkles, some more than others. They have a high set tail which is curled over the back. Some are seen with a double curl, something that is often preferred in the competitive world. This breed has a short, soft coat which is very fine. The colouring is apricot, fawn, black and silver.





Health problems:

Unfortunately this is a breed that is fairly prone to numerous health problems. They are very sensitive to the weather and catch colds easily. They commonly suffer from various allergies and due to their short muzzle they are brachycephalic and often struggle with breathing, tending to wheeze and snore.  Their eyes are prone to weeping and they may also suffer from ulcers on the cornea. They are also prone to skin problems, particularly regarding their wrinkles which need to be kept clean. Mast cell tumours is another issue that they are prone to. Prone to Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE), an inflammation of the brain that strikes adolescent Pugs usually between the ages of 2 and 3. Due to the size of their head, if you are breeding your pug you will want to factor in the possibility of needing a cesarean section. This is a dog that will eat as much as it can and so you need to be careful with their diet and exercise so not to become obese.



This is a dog that is fairly easy to groom, with its short coat a simple brush with a firm bristle brush will do fine. Shampooing is only needed when necessary, and it is important that the dog is dried thoroughly afterwards due to their sensitivity to the cold. It is important that the creases on their face are kept clean to avoid any skin problems. This breed does shed heavily, but only seasonally.



This is one of the oldest breeds of dog known today. Most researchers believe that it originated from Asia, descended from a short-haired Pekingese. However another theory is that is is the result of crossing a small bulldog. These dogs have been owned by a number of people from Tibetan monasteries to royals from varying countries. The breed became pipular in the 19th century and was recognized by the american kennel club in 1885.



This is very much a happy go lucky dog, which is loyal and affectionate but also very rambunctious. Despite their comic appearance, this is a very intelligent breed which needs to be kept occupied and have variability with its training. Be careful that your dog knows that you are in charge and does not come to believe that it is more strong minded than its humans. They are sensitive to the tone of your voice and you need to be careful that you are calm, firm and confident when giving commands and it is vital that you and any family (pack) members are consistent with the rules. This is a breed that tends to do well with other pets and will behave well with visitors and children. Like all dogs, they need to know that their human is a string pack leader. If not they may have issues with guarding behaviors and become jealous.




Living conditions:

This dog is fairly inactive indoors and can do fine without a yard, making them suitable for apartment life. They should in fact be kept indoors at a comfortable temperature to avoid any temperature related stress. Like all dogs, it is important to fulfill their instincts to walk and should be taken on daily walks. Make sure that they are made to heel so that they respect that you are their leader and not the other way around. Although they enjoy regular exercise and lots of play activity, you must be careful not to overdo it because of their breathing difficulties.


Life expectancy:

12-15 years



head tilt

Did i mention that they are famous for their head tilt?










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